The Parable of the Dishonest Manager
The Parable of the Shrewd Manager is also known as the Parable of the Unjust Steward and the Parable of the Dishonest Manager. This parable is included in one of the four Gospels in the New Testament. It is in Luke 16:1-13 NIV and you can find it HERE.
Jesus often used parables to describe complex spiritual truths in simple earthly concepts so that people could understand His teaching more easily. The Parable of the Shrewd Manager meaning can still be misunderstood or confusing. At one point in the parable, Jesus commends the shrewd manager. Readers often assume Jesus is approving of the manager’s unscrupulous (unethical) behavior, but that’s not the case. He’s actually commending the manager’s clever awareness and persistence, but we’ll cover that and more throughout this post.
- The Parable of the Dishonest Manager
- The Parable of the Shrewd Manager Summary
- The Parable of the Unjust Steward
- Luke 16 1 13 explained
- Life Lessons from the Parable of the Shrewd Manager
- 1. Our gifts are not our own
- 2. We will answer to how well we stewarded those gifts
- 3. We can change
- 4. We are called to be shrewd in dealing with others
- 5. Jesus instructed us to use worldly wealth to gain friends, so when our money’s gone we’ve gained wealth in heaven.
- 6. No one can worship money and God
- What is the meaning of the dishonest manager in Luke 16 1 13
- Why did the master commend the shrewd manager?
- Jesus as a shrewd teacher in Luke 16 1 13
- The Parable of the Shrewd Manager, Luke 16 1-13
- Parable of the Shrewd Manager Commentary
- More Parables!
The Parable of the Shrewd Manager Summary
The summary of the Parable of the Shrewd Manager is that a rich man (the master) found that his manager was wasting the rich man’s possessions, so the master fired him. In order to protect his reputation and future business, the manager called in his master’s debtors and negotiated reduced debt to repay. With the manager’s shrewd (clever and artful) plan, the master received payments that were outstanding and the debtors were grateful for the reduced balance to be paid, indebting themselves to the unjust steward.
The Parable of the Unjust Steward
The Parable of the Shrewd Manager is sometimes referred to as the Parable of the Unjust Steward because the manager was his master’s steward. He was the person entrusted to look after the rich man’s possessions. Instead, he acted unjustly (unfairly) to the rich man by mishandling and misusing his possessions. Thus, he was an unjust steward.
Luke 16 1 13 explained
The Parable of the Shrewd Manager meaning can be broken down into a few main concepts.
1. God is the Rich Man
God represents the rich master. He entrusts us with gifts – our talents, our livelihood (wealth/money), our possessions, etc. Entrusting us with these things means we have full access to them, but ultimately, they still belong to God, in the way the Master’s possessions belonged to him, but the manager had use and access to them. Everything we have is really God’s and we should steward it (handle it) accordingly.
2. We are the Stewards
We are the managers of God’s gifts; that means everything we have, including wealth, which is a main focus of this parable. God expects us to handle these gifts prudently. There will be a day when we will all have to account for how well we’ve used his gifts. Did we squander them or use them for good? If we squandered them, while we were expected to use them wisely (stewarding), we will face a consequence.
For those who are squandering the Lord’s gifts, this parable is a warning to change our ways.
3. Jesus Commends the Shrewd Man
The part of the parable that confuses most people is when Jesus commends the unjust manager. At first, it might seem that Jesus is commending the fraud the manager committed by squandering his master’s possessions or that he was commending the man’s selfish motive to save his own reputation after having done his master wrong.
He says the dishonest manager had acted shrewdly and that worldly people are more shrewd in dealing with their own kind than his followers (people of the light).
4. Jesus Calls Us to be Shrewd
Jesus wasn’t commending the manager’s deceit and waste of the rich man’s possessions, but the shrewdness the manager used in dealing with the repercussions of his bad behavior. What might he mean to insinuate that people of the light (Christians) could learn from the shrewd man’s shrewdness?
We’ll take a closer look at what this message means for us as Christians today. The explanation is included in the Life Lessons below – see item #4.
Life Lessons from the Parable of the Shrewd Manager
There are important life lessons in every parable Jesus spoke and the Parable of the Unjust Steward is no exception. Even if the parable itself lends to some confusion, there are solid life lessons that speak to us today.
1. Our gifts are not our own
Let’s not kid ourselves that our blessings in life are due to our own efforts and skills. After all, our skills are gifts from God and our efforts are the strength and fortitude he’s instilled in us. When things work out in our favor, it’s not because we’re a superhero.
A Christian-minded perspective considers that everything we have is actually God’s and the way we use these gifts reflects on how we either honor God or we don’t. We either use them for His good or against Him. The choice is ours.
2. We will answer to how well we stewarded those gifts
We have free will, so God allows us to make choices about how we live our lives. However, we will ultimately have to account for how well and justly we have used those gifts, as the manager did when he faced his master.
3. We can change
What if we’ve been squandering and misusing the gifts we’ve been given? If we’ve been greedy with money and selfishly hoard what we have, ignoring the poor and needy? Swindling people? Acting unethically? Etc, etc, etc?
Jesus assured us that our sins are forgiven through his ultimate sacrifice. We are never too far gone to change and turn back to God.
He used parables as warnings to keep us on the right path. If we discover we’ve veered onto the wrong path, we can always turn back to Him, repent, and jump back on the right track.
He will always forgive you. Always.
4. We are called to be shrewd in dealing with others
The big point of confusion in this parable is that Jesus says that the people of the light (Christians) should be more like the shrewd man when it comes to the pursuit of our heavenly goals. He is not condoning the lying, cheating, and stealing behavior. He is saying the shrewd manager carefully and artfully figured out a plan to save himself from the damage he’d done with his actions. That the careful ways of worldly people to make sure they get what they’re pursuing is the same tenacity, creativity, and determination that we should use in making our lives right with God and living according to His will.
5. Jesus instructed us to use worldly wealth to gain friends, so when our money’s gone we’ve gained wealth in heaven.
Did Jesus really say to buy off your friends? Did he mean to spend all your money on lavish gifts and treats? If you’ve read the Gospels and heard Jesus describe the life of a Christian, it’s obvious that’s not what he meant.
Using our worldly wealth to gain friends means using our wealth to help people (especially the needy and the poor), thus gaining the recipients as ‘friends’. He assures us that when we give generously – not just from our excess, but until it really affects our wallet – we will gain a heavenly reward accordingly.
In Matthew 6:25-34, he assures us that he will always make sure we have enough, even when we give away what we have. Sometimes his definition of ‘enough’ may not match our own definition, but still, his challenge is to give generously to those in need and it will not go unnoticed.
As an example, he said in Mark 12:41-44 that a poor woman who gave two coins to the church had given more than everyone else because the rest had given out of their excess, but she’d given money she truly needed to live.
We are called to be generous with our money to support the church and all of God’s special people in need.
6. No one can worship money and God
When we love God, the riches we seek are not of this world. Should we be prudent and plan for our children’s education and our retirement? Is it okay to have a nice home? To take vacations? Yes. Jesus doesn’t require us to be poor.
But the caution here is that we need to keep money in its rightful place. When our priorities in life revolve around “things”, there’s a good chance we’re losing sight of God.
When we truly seek a relationship with God, the material things stop mattering. The size of the house becomes irrelevant. The brand of the car or clothing doesn’t matter. When we love God, we give freely to those in need.
It’s not possible to love God and money. If you think you love both, you’re lying to yourself. If you say you love God, is that reflected in how you spend your money?
Parables of Jesus Devotional Book – Coming Soon!
What is the meaning of the dishonest manager in Luke 16 1 13
The dishonest manager represents us. We will all be called to task and have to account for how well we’ve stewarded (used and preserved) God’s gifts to us.
Why did the master commend the shrewd manager?
The master commended the shrewd manager because of his actions in addressing the situation that he had created. He found a skillful and creative way to handle it. His approval was not related to the unscrupulous behavior of misusing his master’s possessions.
Jesus as a shrewd teacher in Luke 16 1 13
Even with the Bible commentary on the parable of the shrewd manager, the compliment of shrewdness is still somewhat hard to grasp. As I reflected more on the value of shrewdness that apparently Jesus was referring to, it struck me that Jesus’ whole ministry was so successful, in part, because of his own shrewdness. I hope this example helps to bring more light to the topic.
1. Shrewdness is skillful and artful persuasiveness
When I reflected on how effectively Jesus used shrewdness in his teaching, I thought of shrewdness only in the sense of his skillful and artful persuasiveness, without the typical negative connotation that the word usually includes.
2. Jesus welcomed sinners with the hope to convert them
Every person Jesus encountered was a sinner but he didn’t begin conversations with, “You’re a sinner. Repent!” even though that was one of his primary goals.
Instead, he welcomed everyone. He talked with, listened to, and befriended the worst of the worst sinners. It was through this method that people were drawn to him. The crowds became larger. Word spread about him and his message. People cared about what he said and listened to his teaching.
3. With persuasiveness, people want to change
Over the course of their interactions, people WANTED to change to follow Jesus. They didn’t follow him because he threatened them. People wanted to change because of who Jesus was (and they didn’t know he was the Messiah at the time), not because Jesus demanded that they change or because he belittled them.
4. A Message of Love and Redemption Draws People
If Jesus would have beaten people over the head with how sinful they were, how many would have followed him? Instead, he shrewdly drew them in with a compelling message of love and redemption.
How many times today do we see Christians brow-beating others over their sinful ways? Are they right? Yes, but Jesus would have also been right if he called everyone out on every sin.
5. Open your arms, as Jesus did
We can act more shrewdly as Christians today if we open our arms to others (as Jesus did) rather than using a megaphone to point out their sins. When we open our arms and hearts, we draw people in who then begin to discern where their lives need to change to align with Jesus’ teaching. If we follow Jesus’ shrewdness, we would be more effective in growing the Kingdom.
6. Catch flies with honey, not a flyswatter
This methodology reminds me of the adage that you can catch more flies with honey than with vinegar, or, as I like to say, you can catch more flies with honey than with a flyswatter. Jesus used this method beautifully in his ministry and the Parable of the Shrewd Manager is a perfect reminder for us to do the same.
The Parable of the Shrewd Manager, Luke 16 1-13
16 Jesus told his disciples: “There was a rich man whose manager was accused of wasting his possessions. 2 So he called him in and asked him, ‘What is this I hear about you? Give an account of your management, because you cannot be manager any longer.’
3 “The manager said to himself, ‘What shall I do now? My master is taking away my job. I’m not strong enough to dig, and I’m ashamed to beg— 4 I know what I’ll do so that, when I lose my job here, people will welcome me into their houses.’
5 “So he called in each one of his master’s debtors. He asked the first, ‘How much do you owe my master?’
6 “‘Nine hundred gallons[a] of olive oil,’ he replied.
“The manager told him, ‘Take your bill, sit down quickly, and make it four hundred and fifty.’
7 “Then he asked the second, ‘And how much do you owe?’
“‘A thousand bushels[b] of wheat,’ he replied.
“He told him, ‘Take your bill and make it eight hundred.’
8 “The master commended the dishonest manager because he had acted shrewdly. For the people of this world are more shrewd in dealing with their own kind than are the people of the light. 9 I tell you, use worldly wealth to gain friends for yourselves, so that when it is gone, you will be welcomed into eternal dwellings.
10 “Whoever can be trusted with very little can also be trusted with much, and whoever is dishonest with very little will also be dishonest with much. 11 So if you have not been trustworthy in handling worldly wealth, who will trust you with true riches? 12 And if you have not been trustworthy with someone else’s property, who will give you property of your own?
13 “No one can serve two masters. Either you will hate the one and love the other, or you will be devoted to the one and despise the other. You cannot serve both God and money.”
Parable of the Shrewd Manager Commentary
The Parable of the Shrewd Manager Commentary is found at Bible Study Tools.com. This link will lead you to the free Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary, but you can find other Biblical commentaries HERE. They include free and paid versions. I have referred to Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary for this post.
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Do you love the parables as much as I do? You may enjoy reading life lessons on these others (listed below), these activities for adults and children, or this list of Parables and Meanings. More parable lessons are underway. See them all HERE!
Do you love journaling? Does writing down your personal reflections help you process your thoughts more fully? Perhaps these Christian writing journals will be helpful as you reflect on the life lessons of the parables.
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